¿Cómo atraer a otros pequeños animales a tu jardín?

En la naturaleza, la fauna y flora viven en total armonía. Tu también puedes crear esta biodiversidad invitando a animales a tu jardín. Algunos de ellos pueden ser realmente útiles convirtiéndose en aliados del jardín ya que ayudarán regular las poblaciones de ciertas plagas que colonicen tu jardín y amenacen tus plantas.

Para transformar con éxito tu jardín en una pequeña reserva para los aliados, debes crear unas condiciones ideales para conseguir esta adaptación. Esto implica, inicialmente, ofrecerles comida; como también agua y un lugar de refugio apropiado. 

Pájaros

Los pájaros son consumidores masivos de insectos (ocupan el 1/3 de su peso corporal por día) y son verdaderos aliados en el jardín.Ayudarán a regular la población de insectos que amenazan tus plantas. ç

¿Sabías que...?

  • Una familia de páridos consume 20 millones de insectos en un año.
  • El zorzal es un gran amante de los caracoles, babosas e insectos.

Su función reguladora es tan importante que algunos productores de árboles y plantas instalan nidos en sus explotaciones.

¿Cómo atraer pájaros a tu jardín?

A los pájaros les encantan principalmente las semillas y los insectos.Para alimentarlos, deja un trepador de semillas en ciertas plantas que permanecen durante todo el invierno en su lugar sin cortar: cardo de alcachofa, girasoles, césped y ásteres.
Durante la temporada de invierno, los arbustos gruesos y arbustos variados con hojas persistentes ofrecen un refugio perfecto para ellos y son también una fuente de alimento.Ivy y otros escaladores como la madreselva, clemátide y glicina, también son muy atractivos para los pájaros pequeños en invierno.
Si la naturaleza no ofrece suficiente refugio y comida para atraer a los pájaros, puedes ayudarlos instalando comederos y cajas de anidación.

Colocar comederos

Aquí tienes algunos consejos prácticos si quieres instalar comederos en tu jardín:

  • Utiliza solo comederos durante el invierno u olas de frío.Cuando regrese el buen tiempo, los pájaros reanudarán de forma natural la caza de insectos.
  • Instala varios comederos dando un tipo de semilla diferente a cada uno, evitarás luchas y la posible transmisión de enfermedades entre pájaros.
  • En invierno, no interrumpas la distribución de alimentos, ya que esto puede provocar que mueran.
  • Coloca el comedero a una altura de alrededor de 1.7m en áreas iluminadas por el sol y lejos del viento.
  • Mantén los comederos a una distancia de al menos 3 m de un árbol o arbusto para evitar que los gatos ataquen a los pájaros.
  • Cambia el agua de los bebederos regularmente.

Consejo Solabiol:

Sunflower seeds are the preferred seeds of small garden birds.

Installing nesting boxes

Nesting boxes facilitate reproduction. Here are some tips to be able to offer the very best shelter to small garden birds :

  • Choose the diameter of the hole in the nesting box in line with the type of birds you want to nest: 27mm for smaller species 35mm for great tits, sparrows and nuthatches. A large opening for robins, flycatchers, wagtails, and redstarts.
  • Install the nesting boxes in the winter, as the birds begin to start identifying nesting sites early.
  • Install at least 2 nesting boxes, but not on the same tree. So as not to attract attention from predators, birds will never hunt on the same tree as that where they nest.
  • Favour east/south-east facing so as to benefit from the sun's rays in the morning and to be sheltered from predominantly western winds.
  • Never disturb birds in their nest or chicks before they have left the nest.
  • Clean out the nesting boxes at the end of the season so as to welcome new arrivals the following year.

Solabiol Tip :
You should count for around 3 to 4 nesting boxes for every 1,000m² of land.

Nesting boxes

 

Reptiles, amphibians and small mammals

Birds are far from the only useful animals for your garden. Reptiles, amphibians and small mammals are less visible as they tend to be more nocturnal, but are nonetheless just as effective.

  • Slow worms love eating slugs.
  • Frogs attack mosquitoes.
  • Toads can eat up to 3,000 insects per month during the summer, but also slugs and worms.
  • A group of bats may consume up to several thousand insects during a single night. They notably love the codling moth, whose larvae develops inside apples and pears.
  • Hedgehogs are a fearsome garden ally who attack shelled insects, large insects and also earth worms.
  • Shrews feed on earth worms and many insect larvae, but also slugs.

How can you attract animals into your garden?

Reptiles, amphibians and small mammals are much less visible than their feathered cousins, and simply make do with a natural habitat to live. The types of small animal that you can welcome into your garde will, of course, depend on the location of your garden. 
An old stone wall, a pile of stones, an old tree or old stump, a pile of wood or bed of dead leaves, a small compost heap, a humid area or a small pond, embankments and ditches, a household roof or attic. These are but a few examples of places which can be used as a natural habitat.

Solabiol Tip :
You can construct a refuge for slow worms by rolling out an old carpet onto your vegetable patch. The other advantage is that the land will be soft and lumpy, ready to be sewed or planted just after light raking.

Slow worms

 

Insects and small amphibians

These are often considered as harmful. However, there are certain insects which are necessary for the garden who will act as predators or parasites for pests who kill your crops.

  • Ground beetles feed on caterpillars and slugs.
  • Lacewings, when larva, consume up to 500 aphids.
  • Ladybirds are major consumers of aphids.
  • Solitary predator wasps, which are harmless to people, eat earth worms, caterpillars and aphids.
  • Parasite wasps which, as their name indicates, eat aphids and caterpillars.
  • Hover flies, when larva, feed on aphids, ladybirds and psyllids.
  • Spiders are major consumers of aphids, amphibians, thrips and other sucking insects.

How can you attract helpful insects into your garden?

In principle, if you respect the various concepts that we have previously described, insects and small amphibians will appear automatically. 
However, if you are in an urban area, or in a setting where these insects have disappeared (balcony, terrace, greenhouse, veranda), you may wish to directly introduce them after buying them from a store,
You should however follow certain rules, by firstly identifying, parasites for regulation and introducing the species and quantity adapted to the correct moment. Of course, if you opt for this natural method, you should not use any non-selective insecticide products which harm these species. Otherwise you will risk harming them.

Solabiol Tip :
To attract bees and bumble bees, use green fertilizer such as phacelia and sarrasin.

Ladybirds
 

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