What is eco-gardening?

Eco-gardening is the practise of gardening sustainably, drawing inspiration from nature.

It means considering the interactions taking place between the various living elements of the garden: the soil, plants, water... while it encourages the presence of living elements that we consider useful, such as garden allies. These regulate what we consider to be harmful (such as aphids). Eco-gardening is based on a global approach to the garden favouring the application of cultural methods and the use of alternative or biocontrol solutions. 

To start off, here are some examples:

  1. Your plant must be placed in the optimal conditions (soil, climate, proximity to other “ally” plants) with their specific requirements considered to allow it to protect itself from outside attack.  
  2. Choose indigenous species or those that have adapted to your region, and consider aspects such as different soil types and your garden’s orientation. : “there is a plant that will grow in every area of your garden, but the same plant will not necessarily grow everywhere in your garden!” 
  3. Remember to add nutrients to your soil, thereby providing nutrition for your plants. Only add organic fertilisers to your soil, and always ensure that it is covered by plant matter or mulch, just as it would be in any forest! The soil is a true machine working to compost any organic matter you feed it, it is a living thing.  
  4. Apply the principle of plant associations: this is what we call pairing - some plants work well together, others less so.  
  5. Remember to practise crop rotation. In the vegetable garden, do not grow the same vegetable families in the same place for several years successively: crop rotation will prevent the depletion of certain nutrients from your soil and limit pest populations. A pest that finds its host plant in the same place each year will multiply quickly. 
  6. Restore the balance of fauna: encourage the arrival of garden allies: ladybirds that help to prevent the invasion of aphids, birds by installing some nest boxes or creating shelters in your garden, by planting plants they find attractive... and prevent pest invasion by keeping them below the nuisance threshold.  
  7. Establish diversity in the environments: grow many different plant species which themselves will provide living spaces for a variety of animals. Your garden can be an ecosystem with incredible plant and animal biodiversity! The aim is not to eradicate them because in this case garden allies would leave your garden or field open to some new invasion; in other words, to avoid aphid damage, ensure you have aphids to feed your ladybirds! 
  8. Create a water feature:  A water feature, even a small pond of just one or two square meters that contains aquatic plants, will see the creation of a fabulously rich ecosystem all of its own! 
  9. Observe your garden: understand your garden, allowing you to become more proactive than reactive.  Adopt a more preventative than curative approach.
  10. Use preventative products, biocontrol products, and adhere to recommended dosages and directions for use.

What is an eco garden? Eco-gardening is a long-lasting relationship between you and your garden, with reciprocal benefits.